Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Benefits and Food Sources

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential polyunsaturated fats that play a crucial role in brain function, heart health, inflammation regulation, and overall well-being.
Category
Nutrient
Where to get
Available in certain foods like fish, nuts, and seeds, as well as dietary supplements.
Applicable for
Prepared by Shruti Sahoo, reviewed by Dr. Eugene Smith

Omega-3 Fatty Acids FAQ


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What are the three main omega-3 fatty acids?

The three main omega-3 fatty acids in your diet are ALA, EPA, and DHA. While the latter two are primarily found in animal foods, ALA occurs in many plant foods. Omega-6 fatty acids also have important roles in your body similar to those of omega-3s.

Are omega-3 fatty acids good for You?

Omega-3 fatty acids play several important roles in your body. They have anti-inflammatory effects and are an essential component of your brain and eyes. Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of polyunsaturated fats associated with several health benefits. High intake is linked to a reduced risk of inflammatory diseases and depression.

Where are omega-3 fatty acids found?

Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3s) have a carbon–carbon double bond located three carbons from the methyl end of the chain. Omega-3s, sometimes referred to as n-3s, are present in certain foods such as flaxseed and fish as well as dietary supplements such as fish oil.

What are omega-3 fatty acids & why are they important?

Omega-3s play important roles in the body as components of the phospholipids that form the structures of cell membranes [ 5 ]. DHA, in particular, is especially high in the retina, brain, and sperm [ 3, 5, 6 ].

Omega-3 Fatty Acids References

If you want to know more about Omega-3 Fatty Acids, consider exploring links below:

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