Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Benefits and Food Sources

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential polyunsaturated fats that play a crucial role in brain function, heart health, inflammation regulation, and overall well-being.
Where to get
Available in certain foods like fish, nuts, and seeds, as well as dietary supplements.
Applicable for
Prepared by Shruti Sahoo, reviewed by Dr. Eugene Smith

Omega-3 Fatty Acids FAQ

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What are the three main omega-3 fatty acids?

The three main omega-3 fatty acids in your diet are ALA, EPA, and DHA. While the latter two are primarily found in animal foods, ALA occurs in many plant foods. Omega-6 fatty acids also have important roles in your body similar to those of omega-3s.

Are omega-3 fatty acids good for You?

Omega-3 fatty acids play several important roles in your body. They have anti-inflammatory effects and are an essential component of your brain and eyes. Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of polyunsaturated fats associated with several health benefits. High intake is linked to a reduced risk of inflammatory diseases and depression.

Where are omega-3 fatty acids found?

Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3s) have a carbon–carbon double bond located three carbons from the methyl end of the chain. Omega-3s, sometimes referred to as n-3s, are present in certain foods such as flaxseed and fish as well as dietary supplements such as fish oil.

What are omega-3 fatty acids & why are they important?

Omega-3s play important roles in the body as components of the phospholipids that form the structures of cell membranes [ 5 ]. DHA, in particular, is especially high in the retina, brain, and sperm [ 3, 5, 6 ].

Omega-3 Fatty Acids References

If you want to know more about Omega-3 Fatty Acids, consider exploring links below:

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