Comprehensive Guide to Acne Vulgaris: Symptoms and Treatment

Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition characterized by the presence of comedones, pimples, and sometimes deeper cysts or nodules.
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Dermatology | Acne Treatment | Skin Health | Comedonal Acne | Skin Blemishes
Prepared by Shruti Sahoo, reviewed by Dr. Eugene Smith

Acne Vulgaris FAQ

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What is acne vulgaris?

Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become blocked with dead skin cells, bacteria, and skin oils ( sebum ). The blocked follicles cause inflammatory and non-inflammatory blemishes like pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Acne vulgaris is the most common form of acne.

What is the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris?

The condition commonly manifests with papules, pustules, or nodules primarily on the face, although it can also affect the upper arms, trunk, and back. The pathogenesis of acne vulgaris involves the interaction of multiple factors that ultimately lead to the formation of its primary lesion, which is known as "comedo" (see Image. Acne Vulgaris).

How severe is acne vulgaris?

Moderate-to-Severe Acne Vulgaris Acne vulgaris is considered moderate to severe when presenting with prominent comedones, large inflammatory papules and pustules, and nodules with associated scarring, affecting multiple body areas. In assessing acne severity, it is essential to consider the psychological burden it may impose on individuals.

How to treat acne vulgaris?

When treating acne vulgaris its severity, distribution, and the views of the affected person need to be taken into account. The aim of treatment is to reduce the severity of skin lesions and to prevent recurrence and scarring.

How common is acne vulgaris?

Acne vulgaris is the most prevalent chronic skin disease in the United States, affecting nearly 50 million people per year, mostly adolescents and young adults. Potential sequelae of acne, such as scarring, dyspigmentation, and low self-esteem, may result in significant morbidity.

Acne Vulgaris References

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